Did God Really
DOES The BIBLE TEACH THE EARTH IS STATIONARY?
THE HUMANIST'S CLAIM:
Other passages demonstrating that the earth remains stationary
include Psalm 93:1 (The world is [e]stablished, that it cannot be moved.);
I Chronicles 16:30 ([T]he world also shall be stable, that it be not moved.);
and Psalm 104:5 (The Lord laid the foundations of the earth, that it should
not be removed forever.).
Galileos support for the Copernican doctrine, the Inquisition threatened
him with torture, forced him to recant, and subjected him to imprisonment. Additionally,
for nearly 200 years the Catholic Churchs Index of Forbidden Books condemned
all writings that affirmed the double motion of the earth. [Again referencing
the discredited Andrew White.]
werent much better. For generations the major branches of Protestantism
Lutheran, Calvinist, and Anglican denounced the Copernican doctrine
as contrary to scripture.
Let's look at each of the referenced verses
starting with Psalm 93:1-2. Verse 2 is included to provide context:
Lord reigns, He is clothed with majesty;
The Lord has clothed and girded Himself
Indeed, the world is firmly established, it will not be moved.
Your throne is established from of old;
You are from
The topic of these verses is not science. Psalm
93 celebrates God's sovereign kingship over the world meaning those living
on the earth (people), not the earth itself. The point of this verse (and Psalm)
is that God is in control and His plan for humanity will be accomplished.
example, in Psalm 9:8 the same Hebrew word translated as "world" is
And He will judge the world in righteousness;
will execute judgment for the peoples with equity.
verse is about judgment. Does God judge the physical planet (the dirt, rocks,
etc.), or does He judge people? In other words, does our planet disobey God and
need to be judged, or is it people who disobey God? Its obvious, the word
"world" refers to people. Psalm 93, referenced by the humanists, is
not about the planet, it is about people, and God's sovereign rule over people.
is 1 Chronicles 16:30. Again Ill include additional verses so we can see
29 Ascribe to the Lord the glory due
Bring an offering, and come before Him;
Worship the Lord in holy
30 Tremble before Him, all the earth;
the world is firmly established, it will not be moved.
the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice;
And let them say among the
nations, The Lord reigns.
I've only included a small
part of the context, but even from that you can see this Psalm (a Psalm of thanksgiving
included within 1st Chronicles) is about people thanking God and proclaiming God's
glory. Why would there be a line about the earth being stationary in the center
of the universe, totally out of context in the middle of a section of scripture
about people, all the people in the world (all the earth) praising and glorifying
God? That makes no sense at all.
Once again in this verse, the Hebrew
word translated as "world" is "tebel," the same word used
in Psalm 93 and Psalm 9 to refer to all people.
The last verse referenced
in the humanists accusation is Psalm 104:5. Lets take a look at what
this Psalm says:
He established the earth upon
So that it will not totter forever and ever.
Psalm is referring back to the book of Job, and specifically Job 38:4 (verses
3 & 5 are included for context):
gird up your loins like a man,
And I will ask you, and you instruct Me!
Where were you when I laid the foundation of the
Tell Me, if you have understanding,
set its measurements? Since you know.
Or who stretched the line on it?
New International Commentary on the Old Testament provides some helpful information
about these verses:
Job is being asked to make
known his knowledge of the initial stages of the creation of the world as though
he were the primordial man who had witnessed the laying of the earth's foundation.
God is talking about is FULLY KNOWING the inner structure of the created order.
What is the "inner structure" Hartley is referring to?
These are the underlying things that God created first, and on which the entire
universe is based. They include God creating time and space. They also include
what we refer to as the Laws of Nature, the Laws of Logic, and other foundational
"laws." You might call these laws the principles God established
for how His universe would run. They are the foundation the earth was established
on when it was created.
Psalm 104 says nothing about the earth not physically
moving through space. It says nothing about the earth being at the center of the
universe. To use any of these verses to support geocentricity is a misuse of scripture.
humanist now make a claim that starts with, Because of Galileos support
for the Copernican doctrine... (see the quote at the beginning of the chapter).
I covered this in the previous chapter. This is a common myth that has no basis
in reality. Lets go to a pro-evolution web site to see what they have to
say about the Galileo controversy:
No it wasnt
science versus religion... Galileo did not heroically lead a scientific consensus
with powerful and unambiguous empirical evidence against ecclesiastical resistance.
Church leaders did not try to suppress them.
did Galileo face any kind of unified opposition from the Roman Catholic Church.
That is another myth. There were many in the church who had no problem with Galileo
pursuing his ideas, and the Pope had been a benefactor of Galileo before, that
is, Galileo turned on him. quoted from www.evolutionnews.org
Humanists Claim: Protestants were not Much Better...
This certainly was
true. Possibly even more so than Catholics, major Protestant leaders resisted
a heliocentric solar system. However, that does not change what the Bible teaches.
They were wrong, and their belief in a geocentric universe was wrong. Anyone can
be wrong, no matter how famous they are, or how accurate and correct they are
in other areas.
This is also true in science. Scientists believed the geocentric
model of the universe proposed by Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) and refined by Claudius
Ptolemy (A.D. 90168) up until the time of Copernicus in the 16th century...
and even after that. They fiercely fought the Copernican heliocentric model until
overwhelmed with evidence.
CONCLUSION: The Bible verses the humanists
reference are not about geocentricity. There is nothing in the Bible that supports
geocentrisim. This is a straw man argument.
NEXT ACCUSATION: A
Flat Earth Resting on Pillars
The Bible supports
the primitive notion of a flat earth. In the sixth century, a Christian monk named
Cosmas wrote a book, titled Topographia Christiana, describing the structure of
the physical world. Basing his views on the Bible, Cosmas said the earth is flat
and surrounded by four seas.
The prophecy at
Revelation 1:7 was a basis for his conclusion. It states that when Christ returns,
every eye shall see him. Cosmas reasoned that if the earth were round,
people on the other side would not see Christs second coming.
is another straw man from the humanists, who are continuing to misrepresent what
the Bible teaches. BTW, by using terms such as "primitive" the humanist
is using a propaganda technique called "demonizing the enemy." It involves
associating your opposition with a people group (primitive in this case) that
brings up negative images. Don't fall for it. It's an attempt to get you to change
your mind, without any valid reasons for changing your mind. We'll take a look
at this one in the next chapter.